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Scientific factors that impact effect of alcohol

Our blog posts most often cover legal matters regarding drunk driving and related issues. Before a night out turns into a DUI case, however, there is some science at work that could impact a person's level of intoxication. 

Have you ever wondered why you feel like your friend gets drunker more quickly than you, or why you feel the effect of alcohol after only a drink or two? Biological factors lead to intoxication, and everyone's biology is a bit unique to them.

  • One factor that can impact your body's reaction to alcohol is genetics. Scientists say that certain ethnic groups, for example, have stronger reactions to alcohol because their systems have a harder time breaking down the substance. 
  • People with a lower body weight tend to get intoxicated more quickly. A smaller body tends to mean less blood and water in a body, which means less time is needed for body to react to the alcohol. 
  • It isn't just women's generally smaller size than men that results in their quicker response to alcohol. Science also shows that women have less of the enzyme that helps metabolize alcohol. 
  • A person's drink of choice impacts their level of drunkenness. Obviously, hard liquor is a quicker route toward drunkenness than is sipping on a couple of beers. Though, researchers do say that bubbles can lead to a speedier alcohol response. 

These are just some of several scientific factors that can result in a higher or lower blood alcohol concentration. It can be valuable to understand some of these matters in order to try to avoid becoming too drunk to drive. 

Of course, never assume you did anything wrong or are guilty when stopped for suspicion of DUI. Even if, for example, you are a small woman who consumed a couple of beers, you still might have been in fine condition to drive. No matter what, you are owed certain rights as well as a fair shot at combating a DWI allegation.

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